Hagia Sophia, meaning Sacred Wisdom, is one of the most important symbols of Istanbul. The Hagia Sophia Museum in Istanbul, which had been built 2 times before and burned by the ensuing popular rebellion, was rebuilt between 532 and 537 under the instruction of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. Hagia Sophia, which has survived 15 centuries despite all these earthquakes, is a world famous building as the largest cathedral in the world.
With the conquest of Istanbul in 1453, Istanbul Hagia Sophia Museum, which had been used as a mosque, was later converted into a museum by Atatürk's order and made it possible for the people to visit it easily. One of the most influential figures in the restoration of Hagia Sophia's former majesty is Mimar Sinan. Because with the restoration work carried out by Mimar Sinan, this structure was strengthened much more.
Hagia Sophia, also used as a residence by Ottoman Sultans, stands out with its unique architecture. Not only with its interior architecture, but also with its exterior architecture, it remains a unique structure. After Hagia Sophia came under Ottoman rule, the sections used as tombs of the sultans are the most affected by those who visit this unique structure.
Especially the tomb of Sultan Selim II, built by Mimar Sinan between 1574 and 1577, is the most interesting and impressive tomb among the tombs of the sultans in Hagia Sophia. The entrance gate of Hagia Sophia is regarded as one of the best examples of Ottoman woodworking. The tiles and mosaics of Hagia Sophia, which has an octagonal structure, are also must-see.
The dome in the interior of the museum was built with bricks produced from Rhodes soil in time! This ostentatious dome is considered a unique architectural example. Hagia Sophia is one of the places you must see, when you visit Istanbul!