With its architecture, the history of Hagia Sophia, which is mentioned all over the world, dates back to very old times. Its long-standing history dating back to the period of Constantine and the fact that it has survived to the present day brings with it the increasing number of those who want to get information about Hagia Sophia. Today, as in the past, we can say that Hagia Sophia has become one of the most important symbols of the city.
Construction of Hagia Sophia started by the order of Emperor Constantine in 360, and in 404 it was burned by the people during a popular uprising. Emperor Theodosius II started the construction of the second church in 415. But the fate of this church does not change too. During the Nika rebellion in 532, the church was burned. Emperor Justinian orders and the church begins to be rebuilt.
This time the construction of the church is completed in as little as 5 years. However, during the period when the icon was banned, the interior architecture of the church underwent a great deal of change. Many people do not encounter this information when they want to get information about Hagia Sophia. All mosaics from the early period used in the church at the time are being removed. Mosaics used in the interior are added later.
With the conquest of Istanbul by the Ottoman sultan Fatih Sultan Süleyman, Hagia Sophia church is being converted into a mosque. In fact, this is one of the first orders of Fatih Sultan Süleyman when he took Istanbul. But there is an important detail! The mosaics and icons are not damaged while the Hagia Sophia church is converted into a mosque. Just covering the decorations. Mimar Sinan made the biggest and most important restoration of this structure, which has been restored many times.
On 1 February 1935, at the behest of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum and opened to the public. Anyone who wants to see now can visit this important and large structure. Every year, Hagia Sophia is flooded by local and foreign tourists. It is worth mentioning that it is one of the must-see places in Istanbul…