Hagia Sophia was built by the Byzantine Empire between 53537 as a church. Hagia Sophia means Sacred wisdom in the ancient language. After the Ottoman conquest of Istanbul, Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque.
In Byzantine times, Hagia Sophia was known as the largest domed church in the world. The Hagia Sophia, which was built by the famous mathematics and geometry scholars of that period, was asked to be the most magnificent temple in the world. In the construction of the columns at the Temple of Artemis of Ephesus were brought. After this skillful construction, it was used as the largest church in the world for 1000 years and served as a mosque for 400 years.
Conversion of Hagia Sophia from Church to Mosque
Hagia Sophia has brought the danger of collapse many times. For this reason, it was reinforced by Mimar Sinan. According to historical sources, 10,000 workers and 100 masters worked in the construction for days. When the church was converted into a mosque, no design was disturbed. Mosaic, painting or wall decoration has not been destroyed. And they were covered with a thin plaster.
In other mosques, ”Allah”, “Muhammad” and 4 caliphs are also the Prophet. The medallions with the names of the descendants of Muhammad were hung. One of the interesting places here is the Weeping Column. According to the rumor said for this place if you put your thumb in the hole and rotate 360 degrees, your wish is fulfilled. Another rumor for this column is that Justinian came here when he was very ill and healed immediately after he leaned his head on the column. Other rumors about this place are said to be so effective in history attracts everyone. And when you touch it, you feel it's damp, which is due to the water cistern beneath it.
Hagia Sophia, one of the must-visit places in Istanbul, is a museum in Sultanahmet that receives hundreds of tourists during the day.